There is often a deal of confusion as to which fabrics are available for producing your collection and their correct names as well as what the composition is and their environmental impact. Here we give you a summary of the 3 main fabric types - natural, synthetic and semi-synthetic.
NATURAL MATERIALS are of course natural fibers we find in nature.
One category of natural materials is plant based materials.
These include cotton, linen, hemp and raffia. They can be organic and farmed in a cooperative, or they can be grown using chemical pesticides and fertilizers.
The other category under natural materials is animal-based materials which are wool (from sheep), silk (from silk worms), cashmere (from goats).
Whilst these fabric types are often the preferred materials used for their breathability, there are ethical issues in their production. Plant based materials often use pesticides and fertilizers which damage our planet. Animals are often not treated ethically – most companies for example have stopped using angora wool which comes from angora rabbits due to their being caged and mishandle for the use solely of their wool.
To be continued