Industrial sewing machines are high-powered machines typically used for mass garment production. They run at high speeds to keep up with the demands of creating clothing pieces quicker and within a short period of time. These machines are also developed with precision in mind - so that every stitch they make is uniform with the rest and the overall quality of the garment is not compromised.
There are several different types of industrial sewing machines available, each one developed for a specific purpose. The kind of sewing machine you will invest in depends on the kind of garments your studio manufactures. Here are the most common ones found in garment factories today.
Overlock sewing machine, or an overlocker, uses 3 to 5 spools of thread to form different types of stitches including the stitch classes 503, 504 and 512. It is used for over edge stitching and for serging garment panels as in the case of the side seams of a tshirt or serging trouser panels. In some models, overlock sewing machine may be designed to cut the edges of the garment as it goes through it to produce finished seams quicker.
Flat Lock Machine
Flat lock sewing machines are normally used for making cover-stitches. They have 2-3 needles and are good for hemming the sleeves and bottom portions of knitwear. This type of sewing equipment is also used for creating decorative cover stitches on garments. Flat lock machines come in either cylinder or flat bed types and are great for forming stitch class 406.
Feed Off the Arm Machine
The feed off the arm industrial sewing machine is good for flat and felt seams. It is composed of two needle threads that are designed to create a chain stitch. This type of sewing machine is normally used to sew side seams and under arms of shirts as well as the inseam of jeans and trousers.
As the name implies, the zigzag sewing machine is designed to form zigzag stitching. You will most likely find this type of sewing machine in factories that manufacture jackets and undergarments.
Certain parts of a garment are usually more prone to tear and stress than other areas so they will require additional bartack stitching done. In this case, a specialized machine called bartack sewing machine is used. Bartack stitches are done on areas such as buttonholes, belt loops, fly openings and pleats.
Multi-needle Chain Stitch Machine
A multi-needle chain stitch machine is usually needed for smocking or for pin-tuck stitching. One can find this kind of stitching in blouses, summer dresses and as decorative details in ladies garments.